Evaluación de la adición de quercetina y vitamina E al medio de criopreservación de semen ovino sobre la fertilidad in vivo

Eduardo Jiménez-Aguilar, Andrés Quezada-Casasola, Mario Prieto-Caraveo, Ernesto Orozco-Lucero, Mateo Itzá-Ortiz, José Carrera-Chávez

Resumen

La criopreservación induce estrés oxidativo que tiene efectos adversos en la calidad post-descongelado del semen. El objetivo fue evaluar el efecto de la adición de quercetina al medio de criopreservación de semen ovino. El semen se colectó de tres sementales ovinos mediante vagina artificial, y se utilizó un diluyente comercial. Los tratamientos fueron: control; quercetina 200 µM; vitamina E 100 µM; y la combinación de quercetina y vitamina E. Se evaluó la vitalidad, motilidad, integridad del acrosoma y fertilidad in vivo. Las variables numéricas se analizaron con un ANOVA y la tasa de gestación con ji cuadrado. En la evaluación de las características espermáticas de motilidad no se encontró diferencia significativa entre tratamientos. El tratamiento con mayor porcentaje de espermatozoides vivos con acrosoma intacto fue quercetina 200 µM (22.33±2.51%) comparado con los demás tratamientos (P<0.05). La fertilidad in vivo no fue estadísticamente significativa, pero se encontró una diferencia numérica en el porcentaje de gestación con la adición de 200 µM de quercetina (51.92%) en comparación a los demás tratamientos. En conclusión, la adición de 200 µM de quercetina al medio de criopreservación de semen ovino mejoró la vitalidad e integridad del acrosoma, pero no el porcentaje de fertilidad in vivo.

Palabras clave

antioxidante; congelación; tasa de gestación; características espermáticas

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Referencias

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