Contenido de proteína y fibra en forrajes tropicales no afecta la preferencia en conejos de engorda

María Milla-Luna, Luis Cruz-Bacab, Santiago Ramírez-Vera, Guadalupe Arjona-Jiménez, Cecilia Zapata-Campos

Resumen

El objetivo de esta investigación fue evaluar la preferencia de forrajes empleados comúnmente en la alimentación animal en zonas tropicales de México. El forraje de guasimo (Guazuma ulmifolia), cocohite (Gliricidia sepium), pasto remolino (Paspalum notatum), pasto Egipto (Brachiaria mutica) y pasto humidicola (Brachiaria humidicola) fueron ofrecidos simultáneamente a 24 conejos Nueva Zelanda durante 14 días. En esta investigación se demostró que Gliricidia sepium y Brachiaria mutica fueron preferidos en comparación con Guazuma ulmifolia, Paspalum notatum y Brachiaria humidicola (P<0.05). El consumo de proteína cruda, fibra detergente ácido, y fibra detergente neutro fueron mayores con Gliricidia sepium y Brachiaria mutica (P<0.05). En conclusión, Gliricidia sepium fue preferido por conejos de engorda. El contenido de nutrientes no tuvo relación con la preferencia de consumo. El estudio de la preferencia de forrajes y su relación con su contenido nutricional es necesario para la inclusión de recursos tropicales en la alimentación de conejos.

Palabras clave

Brachiaria; consumo; Gliricidia sepium; Guazuma ulmifolia; Paspalum notatum

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias

ABUBAKAR M, Ibrahim U, Yusuf AU, Muhammad AS, Adamu N. 2015. Growth performance, carcass and organ characteristics of growing rabbits fed graded levels of Moringa oleifera leaf meal in diets. Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences. 8: 7-9. ISSN: 2006-6996. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bajopas.v8i2.2

AOAC (1990) Official Methods of Analysis. Association of Official Analysis Chemists. EUA.

BEN Salem H, Nefzaoui A, Abdouli H. 1994. Palatability of shrubs and fodder trees measured on sheep and dromedaries: 1. Methodological approach. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 46: 143 – 153. ISSN: 0377-8401. https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(94)90072-8

BOBADILLA SY, Marchetta A, Dacar MA, Ojeda RA, Cuevas MF. 2020. Food habits of European rabbit and its role as seed dispersal of two Mosqueta roses: Facilitation among non-native species in a semiarid protected area of Argentina. Biological Invasions. 22: 1565 – 1571. ISSN: 1387-3547. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-020-02205-9

CLAUSS M, Hatt JM. 2017. Evidence-based rabbit housing and nutrition. Veterinary clinics: exotic animal practice. 20: 871 – 884. ISSN: 1094-9194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvex.2017.04.006

CARPIO JA, Soriano MA, Guerrero – Casado J, Prada LM, Tortosa FS, Lora A, Gómez JA. 2017. Evaluation of an unpalatable species (Anthemis arvensis L.) as an alternative cover crop in olive groves under high grazing pressure by rabbits. Agriculture, ecosystems and environment. 246:48 – 54. ISSN: 0167-8809. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2017.05.028

CROWELL MM, Shipley LA, Forbey JS, Rachlow JL, Kelsey RG. 2018. Dietary partitioning of toxic leaves and fibrous stems differs between sympatric specialist and generalist mammalian herbivores. Journal of mammalogy. 99(3): 565 – 577. ISSN 0022-2372 https://doi.org/10.1093/jmammal/gyy018

DEJACO CE, Batzli GO. 2013. Palatability to small mammals in nonnative grasslands of eas-central Illinonis. Journal of mammalogy. 94 (2): 427 – 435. ISSN 0022-2372. https://doi.org/10.1644/12-MAMM-A-157.1

FRANZ R, Kreuzer M, Hummel J, Hatt J M, Clauss M. 2011. Intake, selection, digesta retention, digestion and gut fill of two coprophageous species, rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus), on a hay‐only diet. Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition. 95: 564-570. Online ISSN: 1439-0396. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0396.2010.01084.x

HAFSA S A, Salem A Z M, Hassan A A, Kholif A E, Elghandour M M Y, Barbabosa A, López S. 2016. Digestion, growth performance and caecal fermentation in growing rabbits fed diets containing foliage of browse trees. World Rabbit Science. 24: 283 – 293. ISSN: 1257-5011. http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2016.4359

HERNÁNDEZ – hernández E, López – Ortiz S, Villaruel – Fuentes M, Pérez – Hernández P., Velasco – Velasco J, Salinas Ruíz J. 2017. Feeding rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) with tree fruits from tropical deciduous forest. World Rabbit Science. 25: 135 – 145. ISSN: 1257-5011. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2017.3838

KONTSIOTIS VJ, Bakaloudis DE, Merou T, Xofis P. 2015. Trophic ecology of the European wild rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus on the mediterranean island of Lemnos, Greece. Ecologycal Research. 30: 683 – 691. Online ISSN: 1440-1703. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11284-015-1269-z

LUSH L, Ward AI, Wheeler P. 2017. Dietary niche partitioning between sympatric brown hares and rabbits. Journal of zoology. 303(1): 36 – 45. Online ISSN: 1469-7998. https://doi.org/10.1111/jzo.12461

MALAVÉ AA, Córdova RL, García RA, Méndez NJ. 2013. Composición bromatológica de la carne de conejos suplementados con mataratón y cachaza de palma aceitera. Revista MVZ Córdoba. 18: 3452 – 3458. ISSN-L: 0122-0268. https://doi.org/10.21897/rmvz.167

NIEVES D, Terán O, Cruz L, Mena M, Gutiérrez F, Ly J. 2011. Digestibilidad de nutrientes en follaje de árnica (Tithonia diversifolia) en conejos de engorde. Tropical and subtropical Agroecosystems. 14: 309 – 314. E-ISSN: 1870-0462. https://www.revista.ccba.uady.mx/urn:ISSN:1870-0462-tsaes.v14i1.483

OGBUEWU IP, Emenalom OO, Okoli IC. 2017. Alternative feedstuffs and their effects on blood chemistry and haematology of rabbits and chickens: a review. Comparative Clinical Pathology. 26: 277 – 286. Electronic. ISSN: 1618-565X. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00580-015-2210-0

OSAKWE II, Ekwe OO. 2017. Variation in relative palatability of different forages fed to rabbits. Animal Research International. 4: 608 – 610. eISSN: 1597-3115.

https://doi.org/10.4314/ari.v4i1.40801

PREBBLE JL, Meredith AL. 2014. Food and water intake and selective feeding I rabbits on four feeding regimes. Journal Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition. 98: 991 – 1000. Online ISSN: 1439-0396. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12163

SAFWAT AM, Sarmiento-Franco L, Santos-Ricalde RH, Nieves D. 2014. Determination of tropical forage preferences using two offering methods in rabbits. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science. 27 (4):524 – 529. ISSN: 1011-2367. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2013.13163

SCHMALZ JM, Wachocki B, Wright M, Zeveloff SI, Skopec MM. 2014. Habitat selection by the pigmy rabbit (Brachylagus Idahoensis) in Northeastern Utah. Western North American Naturalist. 74: 456 – 466. ISSN: 1527-0904. http://www.jstor.org/stable/24644914

SOMERS N, D’Haese B, Bossuyt B, Lens L, Hoffmann M. 2008. Food quality affects diet preference of rabbits: experimental evidence. Belgian Journal of Zoology. 138 (2): 170-176. ISSN: 0777-6276. https://biblio.ugent.be/publication/431142

ULAPPA AC, Kelsey RG, Graham GF, Rachlow JL, Shipley LA, Bond L, Pu X, Sorensen FJ. 2014. Plant protein and secondary metabolites influence diet selection in a mammalian specialist herbivore. Journal of mammalogy. 95(4): 834 – 842. ISSN: 0022-2372. https://doi.org/10.1644/14-MAMM-A-025

VAN Soest PV. 1963. Use of Detergents in the Analysis of Fibrous Feeds. II. A Rapid Method for the Determination of Fiber and Lignin. Journal of Association of Official Agricultural Chemists. ISSN 1944-7922. 46(5):829 – 835. https://doi.org/10.1093/jaoac/46.5.829

VAN Soest PV, Robertson JB, Lewis B. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of dairy science. 74(10): 3583-3597. ISSN 0022-0302. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78551-2

XICCATO G, Trocino A. 2010. Energy and protein metabolism and requirements. In: De Blas C, Wiseman J, editors. Nutrition of the rabbit, 2nd edition. London UK, CABI. P. 93 – 118. ISBN-13: 978-1845936693

WALLAGE-DREES JM, Deinum B. 1985. Quality of the diet selected by wild rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in autumn and winter. Netherlands Journal of Zoology. 36(4):438–448. ISSN: 0028-2960. https://doi.org/10.1163/002829686X00162

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.