Frecuencia de leptospirosis en equinos: revisión de literatura

Oscar Toriz-Suarez, Juan Pérez-Rivero, Antonio Herrera-Barragán, Jorge Torres-Barranca, German Lombardero-Goldaracena

Resumen

La leptospirosis equina ha sido asociada con abortos, insuficiencia renal y uveítis, lo cual constituye un problema de salud y económico, sin embargo, de manera general es asintomática, lo cual provoca que dicha enfermedad sea de poco interés en equinos en comparación con otras especies domésticas y silvestres. En la actualidad la situación epidemiológica real de leptospirosis en equinos se desconoce; al igual que la enfermedad se desarrolla en estos animales. Se realizó una búsqueda de literatura científica; con el objetivo de conocer cuáles son las serovariedades del género leptospira reportadas en equinos durante desde 2010 a 2020. En la revisión de literatura se seleccionaron 21 artículos, en los cuales se identificó que Leptospira bratislava, es la que se reportó con mayor frecuencia (11.43%, IC95%: 6-19.1%) está en contacto con los équinos, seguida por Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae (9.52%, IC95%: 4.6-16.8%).

Palabras clave

hospedero; Infección; uveítis; zoonósis

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Referencias

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