Interacción genotipo por ambiente en camarón blanco asociada a Síndrome de Mancha Blanca

Nelson Cala-Moreno, Gabriel Campos-Montes, Alejandra Caballero-Zamora, José Berruecos-Villalobos, Hector Castillo-Juárez


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo estimar la interacción genotipo por ambiente para peso corporal (PC) y supervivencia a cosecha (SC), en presencia y ausencia de Síndrome de Mancha Blanca (SMB) en dos líneas genéticas de Penaeus vannamei (Crecimiento -CRE- y resistencia a SMB -RES-). La heredabilidad para PC en la línea CRE fue 0.05 ± 0.16 en presencia de SMB y 0.35 ± 0.15 en ausencia, mientras que para la línea RES fueron 0.26 ± 0.07 y 0.49 ± 0.08 en presencia y ausencia de SMB, respectivamente. Las correlaciones genéticas para PC entre ambientes fueron -0.17 ± 0.60 para CRE y 0.89 ± 0.09 para RES. La heredabilidad para SC en CRE fue 0.01 en ambos ambientes y la correlación genética no fue estimable, mientras que, para RES, las heredabilidades fueron 0.06 ± 0.04 y 0.11 ± 0.06 en ausencia de y presencia de SMB, respectivamente, adicionalmente, la correlación genética no fue significativa. Aunque el modelo lineal sugiere una interacción genotipo por ambiente, los estimados proponen independencia de la misma característica entre ambientes y, las correlaciones entre características para la línea de resistencia proponen seleccionar de manera independiente las características cuando SMB esté presente.

Palabras clave

Penaeus vannamei; heredabilidad; correlación genética aditiva; peso corporal; supervivencia


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