Prevalencia y parasitemia sanguínea de palomas turcas (Streptopelia decaocto) y huilotas (Zenaida macroura) en Durango, México


  • Manuel Salazar-Borunda
  • José Martínez-Guerrero
  • Juan Martínez-Montoya
  • Andrea Vargas-Duarte
  • Daniel Sierra-Franco
  • Martín Pereda-Solís

Palabras clave:

Streptopelia decaocto, Zenaida macroura, variación estacional, Haemoproteus, Plasmodium


El parasitismo sanguíneo en aves de México es un fenómeno poco estudiado y su presencia en muchas especies de aves es desconocida. En este estudio, se compararon la prevalencia y parasitemia de hemosporidios en la época reproductiva (húmeda) y no reproductiva (seca) de las palomas turcas (Streptopelia decaocto) y huilotas (Zenaida macroura) del norte de México. Se analizó la sangre de 40 aves de cada especie, colectadas entre 2013 y 2014. El diagnóstico de hemoparásitos se realizó mediante técnicas de microscopía y reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR). La prevalencia de hemoparásitos fue de 87.5 % (IC 95%=78.3–93.3). La parasitemia promedio fue de 7.03 (IC 95 %= 5.68–9.04) hemoparásitos por cada 10,000 eritrocitos infectados. La prevalencia y parasitemia fueron mayores para Haemoproteus sp. que en Plasmodium sp y microfilarias. Las tasas de prevalencia no variaron entre especies de aves, ni entre épocas del año. No obstante, la estacionalidad parece ser un factor importante en la parasitemia. La especie que obtuvo mayores tasas de parasitemia fue Z. macoura. Se necesitan más estudios para comprender los mecanismos que asocian la parasitemia de esta especie con respecto a otras especies de columbiformes.


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