Sustitución de heno de alfalfa por hojas de ajo y su efecto en la fermentación ruminal in vitro

Karla Torres-Fraga, Jesús Páez-Lerma, Gerardo Pámanes-Carrasco, Esperanza Herrera-Torres, Francisco Carrete-Carreón, Manuel Murillo-Ortiz


Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo evaluar la sustitución de heno de alfalfa por hojas de ajo en la producción de gas in vitro y metano, así como en los patrones de fermentación ruminal. Se evaluaron cuatro tratamientos: (T1) heno de alfalfa (50%); (T2) heno de alfalfa (33%) + hojas de ajo crudo (17%); (T3) heno de alfalfa (17%) + hojas de ajo crudo (33%) y (T4) hojas de ajo crudo (50%). Los valores más altos de "a" (producción de gas a partir de la fracción soluble); "b" (producción de gas a partir de la fracción insoluble) y "c" (tasa de producción de gas) se encontraron en T4 (mL); mientras que fueron menores en T1 (P <0.05); pero no se observaron diferencias entre T2 y T3 (P> 0.05). La concentración más alta de nitrógeno amoniacal (N-NH3) se registró en T4 y la más baja en T1 (P <0.05). Las concentraciones de propionato aumentaron con T4 y disminuyeron con T1, mientras que las de acetato disminuyeron con T4 y aumentaron con T1 (P <0.05). La producción de metano más alta se registró en T1 y la más baja en T4 (P <0.05). Se concluye, que la sustitución de heno de alfalfa por hojas de ajo en dietas de bovinos carne, mejoró la fermentación ruminal y disminuyó la producción de metano en condiciones in vitro.

Palabras clave

hojas de ajo; producción de gas; fermentación ruminal; metano.

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