Contenido mineral y de nutrientes de ensilados de rastrojo de maíz con excretas pecuarias y subproductos ricos en carbohidratos


Palabras clave:

minerales, ensilado, pollinaza deshidratada, cerdaza fresca, melaza de caña


Esta investigación se realizó para determinar el contenido mineral del ensilado de rastrojo maíz con tres fuentes de nitrógeno no proteico y dos fuentes de carbohidratos. Las fuentes de nitrógeno (NS) fueron urea agrícola (UA), pollinaza deshidratada (PO) y cerdaza fresca (CF); y las fuentes de carbohidratos (CS) fueron melaza de caña y subproductos de panadería. Después de 30 d de fermentación, los microensilados se abrieron y se midió la concentración de Ca, P, Na, K, Mg, Co, Cu, Mn, Fe, y Zn. Los resultados fueron sujetos a análisis con un diseño completamente al azar con arreglo factorial 3×2 y modelo de efectos mixtos. Hubo interacciones (P<0.01) NS×CS sobre el contenido mineral de todos los ensilados. El ensilado PO+MC fue mayor (P<0.01) en Ca, P, Na, Mg y K. Los ensilados con CF tuvieron mayor (P<0.01) contenido de Cu, y los tratamientos a base de PO tuvieron mayor (P<0.01) contenido de Mn. En general, los mayores contenidos de minerales se observaron en ensilados a base de PO y CF. Se concluye que el ensilado de rastrojo de maíz enriquecidos con PO con MC puede proveer macro y microminerales en la alimentación de rumiantes.    



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